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Some Free Books online on Ceylon /Sri Lanka
also see Sri Lanka: Essential Reading on History and Sociology

Ananda Coomaraswamy: The Arts and Crafts of India and Ceylon (1913)
https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.127619/page/n2.
“The artist is not a special kind of person; rather each person is a special kind of artist” Ananda  Coomaraswamy, A pioneer historian of Indian Art and foremost interpreter of Indian culture to the West’.
but excerpts from the book. Very readable and not just the art but the religious and philosophical background to art.  This and other books by AC are available free, link at end of the post.
https://www.brownpundits.com/2018/07/06/ananda-coomaraswamy-the-arts-and-crafts-of-india-and-ceylon-1913/

Robert Knox (1681) "An historical relation of the Island Ceylon in the East Indies"

Knox was captured by the Kandyan King and was kept for 20 years. Escaped and wrote about life in the Hill Country. Supposed to have inspired Defoes, Robinson Crusoe
Robert Knox (1681) "An historical relation of the Island Ceylon in the East Indies"
http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/14346

This version has his autobiography as a slave trader after he escaped from Ceylon
https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.107116/page/n4

Excerpt from CHAP. VII. Of their Lodging, Bedding, Whoredom, Marriages, and Children.
So that youth are bred up to Whoredom. Indeed here are no Publick Whores allowed by Authority. In the City some that have followed that Trade, have oftentimes by the King’s order been severely punished by Whipping, and having their Earsand Hair cut off. But in private few or none can exempt themselves. And for the matter of being with Child, which many of them do not desire, they very exquisitely can prevent the same.
They are guilty of the thing, but love not the name.Indeed the Publick Trade would be bad, and hardly maintain them that exercised it, the private one being so great. And tho I think they be all Whores, yet they abhor the Name of Vesou, which is Whore. Neither do they in their anger reproach one another with it, unless they should lay with a Man of an inferior quality to themselves, And the Woman reckons her self as much obliged to the Man for his Company, as he does to her for hers.
The Village in the Jungle by Woolf, Leonard (1913)
https://archive.org/details/villageinjungle00woolrich

Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich Philipp August, 1834-1919 A visit to Ceylon 
https://ia800304.us.archive.org/25/items/visittoceylon00haecuoft/visittoceylon00haecuoft.pdf

Nature 26, 254-256 (13 July 1882) | doi:10.1038/026254a0
Prof. Haeckel in Ceylon and India
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/ns-2/47/825
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v26/n663/abs/026254a0.html
I. PROF. ERNST HAECKEL of Jena, as most of the readers of NATURE are doubtless aware, has lately returned to his University after a six months' journey in India and Ceylon, undertaken in the interests of science with the object of providing additional data in support of the theory of evolution, of which he is the most able and best-known exponent in Germany. The veneration which he constantly expresses for Mr. Darwin, of whom he may be said to have been the first and perhaps the chief disciple on the Continent, would of itself suffice to give his opinions and observations weight in this country. No one, however, who has read the series of letters now being contributed by Prof. Haeckel to the Deutsche Rundschau, can fail to find them on their own merits both delightful and instructive. They are written in a popular form, but contain traces of profound scientific knowledge combined with great quickness and freshness of observation, and an almost boyish exuberance of delight in the presence of nature’s wonders. Of the three letters or articles already published, the first contains an account of the voyage to India, the second, entitled “A Week in Bombay,” describes with vivid enthusiasm the caves of Elephanta and the other marvels of that most interesting of tropical cities, and the third, contained in the June number of the Rundschau, of which we propose to give a short reproduction for the benefit of our English readers, brings the Professor to the “promised land” of his scientific yearnings-that island of Ceylon which exhibits in all its varied charms “the highest conceivable development of Indian nature.
Caroline Corner 1908. The Paradise of Adam The Record of Seven Years Residence in the Island
Humorous insights of a English womans life in 19th Century Ceylon
https://archive.org/details/ceylonparadiseof00corn_0

    Two excerpts from Caroline Corner
    http://sbarrkum.blogspot.com/2013/03/orabi-pasha-founder-of-zahira-college.html
    http://sbarrkum.blogspot.com/2013/03/orabi-pasha-founder-of-zahira-and.html
Sir James Emerson Tennent (1860): Sketches of the Natural History of Ceylon
          http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/13325



Sir James Emerson Tennent (1861) Ceylon; an Account of the Island Physical, Historical
          http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/13552

Fifty years in Ceylon, Author: Thomas Skinner (1891)
http://www.archive.org/download/fiftyyearsinceyl00skin/fiftyyearsinceyl00skin_bw.pdf
Thomas Skinner (the road/railway builder) also repaired Kala wewa.
The book is downloadable,see right hand pull down menu
Skinner  is quite critical/skeptical of Brit Colonial Policies including the 6 days labor to construct roads which he says will mostly benefit British Capitalists.
Also read pg 18: Description of Puran Appu and Gongalegoda Banda. Then read the wikis for Puran Appu and Gongalegoda Banda.
Forbes: Recent disturbances and military executions in Ceylon (1860 ?)
https://books.google.lk/books?id=6HUIAAAAQAAJ
The book is downloadable,see free E-Book button
Diary of Sir John D’Oyly, Baronet of Kandy(1810-1815)
https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.529577
Tombi Mudali, JR Jayawardene's ancestor is mentioned often in the diary as a guide.
D'Oyly had a key role in arranging for the British takeover of the Kandyan kingdom in 1815. Being fluent in Sinhala, he was the intermediary between the British Governor and the disaffected Kandyan chiefs who were intriguing to "sell out" the king, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha. D'Oyly is credited with drafting the Kandyan Convention of March 2, 1815 which set out the terms of the accession.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_D%27Oyly,_1st_Baronet,_of_Kandy
Ancient Irrigation Systems
http://www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/designated-sites/asia-and-the-pacific/the-cascaded-tank-village-system-ctvs-in-the-dry-zone-of-sri-lanka/en/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212682113000322
To quote Edward Goldsmith The evidence from Sri Lanka, however, firmly refutes that argument: not only did villages run their own irrigation systems quite independently of the state but  and this is critical they continued to do so even after the state effectively collapsed Instead, insists Tennent, the destruction and final abandonment of the tanks should be seen as the inevitable outcome of social decay and in particular, the disruption of the local communities by whom they were so long maintained. With that disruption came an end to that concord and union which Tennent held to be so critical to the running of the irrigation works. The consequences were undoubtedly disastrous: (Read in context of Joseph Tainter Collapse of Complex Societies.)
Ancient hydraulic civilization Denis Fernando
http://slwater.iwmi.org/sites/default/files/DocumentRoot/H002746.pdf
A long summary of manuscript as a guest lecture
http://www.infolanka.com/org/srilanka/hist/70.htm

The Gathering (elephants) in Minneriya: Natural?

http://wilpattuhouse.blogspot.com/2016/12/the-gathering-elephants-natural.html

Many Free Books on Ceylon (Google Books)
https://www.google.lk/search?tbo=p&tbm=bks&q=ceylon&tbs=,bkv:f&num=10&gws_rd=ssl
Use search tool for all option, set to full preview to get complete books.
Other Sites With Free Books
http://www.gutenberg.org/
https://archive.org/
also have many older (copyright expired) books. I search for "Ceylon"".
Thats said Somerset Maugham, P. G. Wodehouse, Joseph Conrad etc are also available.
Enclosure Inclosure Acts of Britain
http://www.thelandmagazine.org.uk/articles/short-history-enclosure-britain
Contrast with Sri Lankas's Land Reform Act 1972 which limited ownership to 50 acres (20 hectares)



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